Hemorrhoid, (commonly known as piles) is a condition in which veins in the anus and lower rectum gets swollen. Hemorrhoids may be internal hemorrhoids (located inside the rectum) or may be external hemorrhoids (develop under the skin around the anus). Hemorrhoids are common; nearly three out of four adults have hemorrhoids at any point in their life.
The veins around anus get stretched due to the pressure that may lead to bulging or swelling. There are many causes of increased pressure in the lower rectum. Some of them include
Sometimes the symptoms of hemorrhoids may be unpleasant, but they are commonly not a cause for concern. Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids may include:
Painless bleeding: You might notice small amounts of red blood in the toilet or on toilet tissue
Irritation or Itching in the anal region
Sometimes, there is no need to see a doctor for itching and pain caused by hemorrhoids. The best treatments for hemorrhoids can be done at home. There are many ways you can shrink your hemorrhoids at home. The possible home remedies are mentioned below:
Generally, doctors recommend that people with hemorrhoids should sit in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes especially after a bowel movement several times a day. This relieves itching as well as irritation caused by hemorrhoids. To make the sitz bath even more soothing, you may add Epsom salt makes in the warm water bath.
Witch hazel is a natural plant extract known for its astringent properties that help to relieve itching, reduce inflammation and bleeding. Witch hazel extract is readily available at drugstores. Topical creams containing witch hazel are also available in the market. It is applied after a bowel movement, by soaking a cotton pad in witch hazel and applying it to the hemorrhoids.
Mix two tablespoons each of Epsom salts and glycerine and apply this mixture to the painful area. Leave this on the affected area for 15-20 minutes. This procedure can be repeated every four to six hours until relief.
Tea tree oil
The anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties of tea tree oil reduce itching and swelling caused by hemorrhoids. Gels made with tea tree oil are also beneficial.
Ice or cold packs also help relieve inflammation and pain. Applying an ice pack help numb pain and reduce swelling temporarily. This process can be repeated several times a day.
If you are suffering from severe hemorrhoids and the symptoms are not getting away from home treatment, you should see a doctor and discuss non-surgical options for the removal of hemorrhoids
Add fiber-rich food in your diet and drink plenty of water. High-fibre absorbs water, which helps to soften the stool and makes it easier to pass. Fiber-rich food also prevents constipation.